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1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523
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1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523

First German edition of the whole text (2 books from the 4th decade) of Titus Livy's "Römische Historien" ('History of Rome').  Detailed illustrated work of the early historiography, with 240 extraordinary woodcuts and many initials. Published by Johann Schöffer, Mainz, 1523.

SIZE:
about h 29.5 cm x w 21.0 cm x d 6.2 cm

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Product no.: 42206106

3.999,90 €

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First German edition of the whole text (2 books from the 4th decade) of Titus Livy's "Römische Historien" ('History of Rome').  Detailed illustrated work of the early historiography, with 240 extraordinary woodcuts and many initials. Published by Johann Schöffer, Mainz, 1523.

AUTHOR:
Titus Livius (59 BC - AD 17)
Livius is known as Livy in English, wrote a monumental history of Rome, Ab Urbe Condita, from its founding (traditionally dated to 753 BC) through the reign of Augustus. Livy was a native of Padua (ancient Patavium) in northern Italy.

Livy wrote the majority of his works during the reign of Augustus. However, he is often identified with an attachment to the Roman Republic and a desire for its restoration. Since the later books discussing the end of the Republic and the rise of Augustus did not survive, this is a moot point. Certainly Livy questioned some of the values of the new regime but it is likely that his position was more complex than a simple 'republic/empire' preference. Augustus does not seem to have held these views against Livy, and entrusted his great-nephew, the future emperor Claudius, to his tutelage. His effect on Claudius was apparent during the latter's reign, as the emperor's oratory closely adheres to Livy's account of Roman history.

Livy's work was originally composed of 142 books, of which only 35 are extant; these are 1-10, and 21-45 (with major lacunae in 40-45). A fragmentary palimpsest of the 91st book was discovered in the Vatican Library in 1772, containing about a thousand words, and several papyrus fragments of previously unknown material, much smaller, have been found in Egypt since 1900, most recently about forty words from book 11, unearthed in the 1980's. Some idea of the contents of the remaining books can be gleaned from a thin epitome, the Periochae, and an epitome of books 37-40 and 48-55 uncovered at Oxyrhynchus. A number of Roman authors used Livy, including Aurelius Victor, Cassiodorus, Eutropius, Festus, Florus, Granius Licinianus and Orosius. Julius Obsequens used Livy, or a source with access to Livy, to compose his De Prodigiis, an account of supernatural events in Rome, from the consulship of Scipio and Laelius to that of Paulus Fabius and Quintus Aelius.

TITLE:
"Römische Historien" ('History of Rome')

PRINT:
Schöffer, Mainz, 1523 A.D.

DESCRIPTION:
The book's title, Ab Urbe Condita ("From the Founding of the City"), makes Livy's ambition clear. He wrote in a mixture of annual chronology and narrative—often having to interrupt a story to announce the elections of new consuls as this was the way that the Romans kept track of the years. Livy claims that a lack of historical data prior to the sacking of Rome in 386 BC by the Gauls made his task more difficult.

A digression in book 9, sections 17-19 suggests that the Romans would have beaten Alexander the Great if he lived longer and turned west to attack the Romans, making this the oldest known alternate history.

This book is the first German edition of Livy's History of Rome, published by Johann Schöffer in 1523.

BINDING:
- half leather of the 18th century with title on the spine
- gilt-stamped spine
- inner book in red

SIZE:
about h 29.5 cm x w 21.0 cm x 6.2 cm

ILLUSTRATION:
- more than 240 woodcuts
- 4 woodcut borders
- 3 large initials (approx. 4.5 x 4.5 cm)
- many small initials (4 lines)
- exlibris

COLLATION:
- 1 blank leaf
- 1 blanc leaf with notes
- 1 leaf foreword with with woodcut border
- 89 leaves (numbered leaves 1 - 90, 8 missing)
- 1 title leaf with woodcut border
- 102 leaves (numbered leaves 90 - 191)
- 1 title leaf with woodcut border (192)
- 55 leaves (numbered leaves 193 - 247, 198 missing, 232 numbered twice)
- 188 leaves (numbered leaves 233 - 420)
- 1 title leaf with woodcut border
- 4 leaves register
- 3 blank leaves

Missing: leaves 8 and 198 (probably a mistake in the print, has probably never been availble) as well as the last 10 leaves of the register!

CONDITION:
- satisfying till good preservation
BINDING:
- book block and book cover fixed and solid
- binding and spine scraped
- small defects at the spine
TEXT:
- strong print, good paper quality
- beautiful woodcuts
- the first 40 leaves with defects (partly repaired) with picture and text loss
- at the begining waterstains, partly mold and finger stains
- some small tears or repaired defects at the margins
- less defects from the middle to the final part
- Missing: leaves 8 and 198 as well as the last 10 leaves of the register!

1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523 1st German edition of Titus Livy History of Rome Schöffer 1523
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